Resistance to frictional rubbing as distinct from resistance to knocks and impacts. Abrasion tests may be made by means of the finger alone, or with a cloth or a pad with or without a mildly abrasive powder. The pressure, speed and time of rubbing as well as the character of the rubbing agent should be controlled when making comparisons of abrasion resistance.
Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, a thermoplastic. Has good impact resistance and a surface that is easily decorated.
In theory, a material that perfectly reflects all light energy at every visible wavelength. In practice, a solid white with known spectral data used as the “reference white” for all measurements of absolute reflectance.
Thin, flexible sheet of transparent plastic used to make overlays.
Bindery term, two or more parallel folds which open like an accordion.
Against the grain
At right angles to direction of paper grain.
Space between columns of type on a page.
Change in copy of specifications after production has begun.
Alternate term for mechanical art.
Acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, a standard code used to help interface digital equipment.
Client’s corrections/changes made at the proofing stage.
Printing the second side of a sheet already printed on one side.
Method of packaging printed pieces of paper using rubber or paper bands.
Weight in pounds of a ream of paper cut to the basic size for its grade.
Process of fastening papers together.
A grid of pixels or printed dots generated by computer to represent type and images.
The printed image extends beyond the trim edge of a sheet or page. A bleed may occur at the head, front, foot and/or gutter of a page.
An image pressed into a sheet without ink or foil.
Strong durable paper grade used for letterheads and business forms.
Exposing a printing plate to high intensity light or placing an image on a printing plate by light.
Burst perfect bind
To bind by forcing glue into notches in spines of signatures, and then adhering a paper cover.
Joining images without overlapping.
Printed colors that overlap one row of dots so they appear to butt.
Paper coated on one side.
Paper coated on both sides.
Paper thickness in thousandths of an inch.
Paper coated with chemicals that enable transfer of images from one sheet to another with pressure from writing or typing.
A type of binding used in making hard cover books using glue.
Coated paper with a high gloss reflective finish.
A term for a transparency.
A clay coated printing paper with a smooth finish.
Abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black), the 4 process colours, which combined together in varying proportions can be made to produce the full colour spectrum.
arranging of printed sheets into the desired sequence.
Methods of improving color separations
Colour matching system
A system of formulated ink colors used for communicating color.
The process of preparing artwork, photographs, transparencies, or computer generated art for printing by separating into the four primary printing colours.
To plastic comb bind by inserting the comb into punched holes.
Short for Comprehensive dummy
Combining two or more images on one or more pieces of film.
Illustrations, photographs or computer files that contain gradient tones from black to white or light to dark.
Photographic print made by exposing a negative in direct uniform contact with paper.
Alternate term for Proof sheet.
process by which a continuous tone colour image is separated into the four process colours for print production.
Ownership of creative work by the writer, photographer, or artist who made it.
Person who writes copy for advertising.
Lines on a mechanical, negative, plate, or press sheet showing the corners of a page or finished piece.
Characteristic of board for boxes made by sandwiching fluted kraft paper between sheets of paper or cardboard.
Cotton content paper
Paper made from cotton fibers rather than wood pulp.
A heavyweight paper made particularly to protect inner, thinner sheets of such printed items as booklets.
Marks at the edges of an illustration or photograph to indicate the portion to be reproduced.
Image that continues from one page of a publication across the gutter to the opposite page.
One of the four process colours; also known as process blue.
Dots per inch; measure for output resolution of various devices.
A mock-up made to resemble the final printed product which uses the proposed grade, weight, finish and colour of paper.
A price given to a customer based on specifications provided by the customer. The price can change if the order specifications are not the same as the estimate specifications.
Even with (as with to a margin).
Reproduction of full-colour photographs or art with the four basic colours of ink (yellow, magenta, cyan, black).
Line or fold at which facing pages meet.
Picture with shades of tone created by varying size dots.
a device that plots high-resolution bitmaps which have been processed by a RIP. May include type, graphics and photographic images. It outputs a to film or paper.
text which is flush to both the left and right margins.
copy which can be reproduced without using halftones.
the work associated with the set-up of printing equipment before running a job.
copies printed in excess of the quantity specified in the order.
a bookbinding method in which pages are glued rather than sewn to the cover. Used primarily for paperback books.
a measurement for the size of type, distance between lines and thickness of rules. One point equals one seventy-second of an inch (0.3515mm).
typesetting style in which lines end in unequal lengths on the right side (usually justified on left).
crosses or other marks placed on artwork which ensure perfect alignment (‘registration’).
type appearing white on a black or colour background, either a solid or a tint.
the number of dots per inch (dpi) in a computer-processed document. The level detail retained by a printed document increases with higher resolution.
RIP (raster image processor)
computer used to create an electronic bitmap for actual output. This may be built into an imagesetter or may be separate.
a binding process in which a pamphlet or booklet is stapled through the middle fold of its sheets using saddle wire.
a pressed mark in a sheet of paper, usually a thick paper, to make folding cleaner and easier.
the paper used inside a booklet is the same as that used for the cover and is generally printed on the same press run.
folded, printed paper forming a section of a book; usually in a multiple of four, and more often a multiple of eight.
an area on the page which is completely covered by the ink.
the paper or card which is to be printed on.
or slide: 35mm, 4″ x 5″ or 8″ x 10″ positive image on film which can be projected on a screen or scanned as artwork.
an area of tone made by a pattern of dots, which lightens the apparent colour of the ink with which it is printed.
Glossary of Printing Terms in the UK
For more technical printing terms please see this page here: Wikipedia